In ancient Roman times, prisoners were given the task of salt mining. One suspects 2000 years ago, prisoners working in salt mines did not enjoy a lengthy lifespan. More recently, the Russian authorities sent prisoners, political and otherwise, to work in the salt mines in Siberia as punishment.

When I was a kid years ago, I remember my Dad chasing us all to bed Sunday nights because “tomorrow morning its back to the salt mines for us all”. He worked in Detroit but I knew he didn’t work in a salt mine. And while I didn’t love many aspects of school and at times it seemed as a gulag, it was not Siberia

Detroit, however, has a salt mine. In fact, we have a salt city 1,200 feet below the streets of the Motor City. It is huge with over 100 miles of roads.

So how did all this salt get down there? Continue reading


In 1979 52 American diplomats and citizens were taken hostage at the American Embassy in Tehran, Iran and held for 444 days. An act President Jimmy Carter called “terrorism and anarchy” without precedent in modern times that many consider the beginning of Islamic terrorism.

Not true. In 661 the first Islamic fundamentalist rebel group which had declared jihad against peace loving moderate Muslims, assassinated Ali, the fourth Caliph and the cousin of the Prophet Muhammad. Islam named them “Kharijites”, meaning “those who left” [departed from the mainstream faith].

So began the 1,400-year period of numerous episodes of Muslim slavery, extremism & terrorism, the largest victim of which has been, by far, Islam.
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Global Warming versus Climate Change

“The Earth’s main energy source is the sun. The sun causes convection within the atmosphere, which in turn affects weather and climate.” – NOAA

According to Space, (, when sunlight hits the moon’s surface, the temperature can reach 253 degrees F (123 C). The “dark side of the moon” can have temperatures dipping to minus 243 F (minus 153 C).”

Live Science ( advises us that “…the cosmic background temperature is minus 455 degrees Fahrenheit.”

The original proclamations of “Global Warming” were correct. Global warming, or the lack thereof, is the primary cause climate change. Continue reading


Black Entertainment Television presented the 2016 BET Awards on Sunday June 26, 2016. Jesse Williams, a performer from TV’s Gray’s Anatomy series, was presented the Humanitarian Award and during his speech claimed “this invention called whiteness uses and abuses us, burying black people out of sight and out of mind while extracting our culture…demeaning our creations then stealing them…”

Music as a Cultural Treasure

One of the special abilities of the mythical Sphinx is as a guardian of treasures.

Every year for the past 20 years the Detroit sponsored Sphinx Competition opens for all non-white (specifically, African American and Latino) Junior High, High School, and College-age string players residing in the U.S.

The Sphinx Competition offers young non-white classical string players “a chance to compete under the guidance of an internationally renowned panel of judges and to perform with established professional musicians in a competition setting. Its primary goals are to encourage, develop and recognize classical music talent in the (non-white) Black and Latino communities.

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A Cool Desert Trip

Journey Beyond Travel is one of Morocco’s premier tour operators. One of the things that makes this area of N. Africa compelling, per JBT, is the relatively common availability of excellent quality fossils. Morocco sits on the western edge of the world’s largest hot desert, the Sahara. Look at a map of northern Africa and most of what you see is the Sahara Desert. It covers 3,269 million square miles (9,400, square kilometers) and stretches from the Mediterranean in the north, to the Red Sea on the east, and the Atlantic Ocean on the west

The most recent fossil find in the Sahara by paleontologists is a form of pterodactyl named Phoenix pterosaur with a 20-foot wingspan, a Moroccan resident 90 million years ago. At that time, what is now a hot dry desert, was a lush green tropical forest. 100 million years before that, a large portion of the area was submerged under a salt water ocean. Continue reading


Captain Lacrosse

In 1984 the captain of the Stanford University Lacrosse team receives his undergraduate degree and his Phi Bata Kappa Key for honors level work. In 1985 Captain Lacrosse, (Judge Aaron Persky), achieves his master’s degree in international policy studies from Stanford.

Mr. Phi Bata Kappa continued to play lacrosse for the Berkley Club Lacrosse, again as captain of the team. In 1990 he was admitted to the California Bar after graduating from the UC Berkley School of Law. Persky received an appointment to the California Superior Court from Governor Gray Davis in 2003

During his legal career he received recognition for his work in the area of hate crimes, prosecuted violent sex crimes and promoted himself as a defender of battered women. Continue reading